雷火电竞

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石家河城南郊肖家屋脊:冶铸设施坍塌后的遗迹(中国冶金起源系列之七)

时间:2020-01-03 17:22 来源:澳门新葡新京app 点击:183

(1)BAOGAOZHONGFAXIANTONGKUAIDEJILU

雷火电竞SHIJIAHEZHONGQIDEHUIKENGH46,1.86mZHANG,1.2mKUAN,0.22mSHEN。KENGNEIDUIJIWUZHONGZHIYOULIANGANGHEGANGUO。SHIJIAHEZHONGQIDEH384WEIYUQIANWENSUOSHUHANLIANTONGCANJIDEH371ZHIXI,KOUDADIXIAO,SIBIXIEHUZHIDI,KENGZHANG4.9m,KUAN0.6~1.5m,XIDUANZHAI,KENGNEIDUIJIHUIHUANGSETUJIAMUTANXIE,CHUTUTAOPIANHENSHAO,ZHIFAXIANJIACUSHAHOUZHONGLIANGANGYIJIXIAOGANGUOSUIPIAN。TONGSHIQIWEIYUFAJUEQUZHENGZHONGDEH276KOUJIAODA4.45×1.25 m,DANBIFEICHANGXIE,SUOYIDIDECHICUNZHIYOU2.4×0.79m,SHENDUYUE0.36m,DONGDUANQIAN,XIDUANSHEN,KENGNEITUHUIHEI,TAOPIANHENSHAO,ZHUYAOSHILIANGANGHEXIAOGANGUOTAOPIAN。TONGSHIQIH132WEIZHIKAOJINH184,SHIDAILVEWAN,QIKAIKOUCENGWEIWEIYUH184DEKAIKOUCENGWEIZHISHANG,KOUJINGZHANG1.8m,KUAN0.66m,SHENDU0.46m,KENGNEIZHIFAXIANYIJIANLIANGANG。

雷火电竞H42KENGSHIYELIANZUOFANGDEXIACENGZHIHUIJINTANMODUIJI,YOULIANGGETANSHISICENIANSHUJU:3126±151BCE(BK89045)HE2728±128BCE(BK89037)[xxiii]。SHUJULISANDUJIAOGAO,ZHONGZHIYUEWEIGONGYUANQIAN2950NIAN。BUGUOHELIPANDUAN,WANSHANDEYELIANGONGZUOFANGSHIYONGSHIJIANJIAOZHANG,SHIYONG200DUONIANYINGGAIBUCHENGWENTI。YINCI,TANSHISIDELISANDUKENENGBUJINDAIBIAOTANYANGBIAOBENNIANDAICHAJU,YEBAOHANLIANLUSHIYONGSHIJIANJIAOJIUDEYINSU。YOUCIPANDUANSHIJINIANDAIYUEZAIGONGYUANQIAN3100─2700NIANJIAN。ZHIYUFEIQIDENIANDAI,TAOSUPINZHONGDOUSHIDAXILEIHUODIANJINGYILAICHANGJIANDEXINGZHUANG,YOUYUMEIYOUFAXIANZHIYOUZAISHIJIAHEZHONGQICAIKAISHICHUXIANDETESHULEIXING,YINCIKAOLVFEIQINIANDAIYESHUYUSHIJIAHEZAOQI,YINGGAIBUWANYUGONGYUANQIAN2800─2700NIAN。HUANYANZHI,H42SHIYONGYUFEIQIDENIANDAIZHISHILVEWANYUH430HEH434。

雷火电竞YISHANGSUOSHUJIZHONGYEZHUYIJIZHONG,CHICUNJIAOXIAODEYUANXINGSHUXUESHI、ZHANGXINGHENGXUESHIDEHUIKENGYINGGAIDOUSHITAOYAOHUOLIANLU;RUGUOFAXIANLIANZHAHUOYELIANXIANGGUANDEGONGJU,ZEHENKENENGSHILIANLU。CHICUNJIAODADEYUANXINGHUOZHANGXING“HUIKENG”ZHONG,RUGUODALIANGCHUTUYUYELIANYOUGUANDEPOSUIQIWU,HUOXUSHILIANZHUGONGZUOFANG,ZAIKENGZHONGBAIFANGLIANGANGJINXINGYELIAN。LIANLUHUOKENGSHIDEGONGFANGFEIQIHOU,DOUHUIBIANCHENGXIANGGUANFEIWUDELAJIKENG,DANCHUCIZHIWAI,YEHUIZHUANMENANPAIYELIANFEIWUDEDUIJIKENG。ZUIHOU,SHIJIAHEYIZHIHAIFAXIANZHANGTIAOXINGDE“HUIGOU”,YINWEIDUIJIDEXINGZHIYIJITONGZHAHEYELIANGONGJUDENGYIWUDEFAXIAN,KEYIPINGGUZHEIYESHIYELIANYIJI。

[xxx]HUBEISHENGWENWUKAOGUYANJIUSUO、ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANKAOGUYANJIUSUO,《HUBEISHIJIAHELUOJIABOLINGXINSHIQISHIDAIYIZHI》,《KAOGUXUEBAO》1994NIANDI2QI,DI217、228YE。

XIAOJIAWUJIHG13HUIGOUDEXINGZHUANG,POSIWUCHENGLEIHUODIANJINGERQI(GONGYUANQIAN15-14SHIJI)YEZHUYIJIZ5、Z6、Z7[xxv],DUIJITANHUI,YOUTONGZHAHUOTONGKUANG,ERWUCHENGDEYEZHUYIJIFAXIANWANZHENGDESHIFAN。XIAOJIAWUJIBAOGAOMEIYOUJILUSHIFANHUOTAOFANDEFAXIAN,DANSHIGENJUJINGYAN,SHIFANSUIKUAIJINGCHANGWUFASHOUFAJUEZHEZHUYIHERENCHU。SHIJISHANGSHIJIAHEYIZHICHUTUGUOSHIFAN,BAOKUOXIAOJIAWUJI、YINXINTAIDENGYIZHIDOUYOUCHUTU(ZHEIXIEYIWUJIANGLINGWENZHUANMENTAOLUN)。ZHIYUTAOFAN,RUGUOBUWANZHENG,ERFAJUEZHEYI“XINSHIQILEIHUODIANJING” DESILUJINXINGFAJUE,JIUGENGNANYINQIZHUYI。DANSHIGENJULEIHUODIANJINGDUIFAJUECHUTUDESUIKUAITAOFANZILIAODEFENXI,ZHANGJIANGZHONGYOUTAOFANJISHUZAOJIUCHUXIANYUGONGYUANQIANDISIQIANJI,XIANGGUANZILIAONILINGWENZHUANMENTAOLUN。LIANGANGJISHUFADAYIJIZHANGTIAOXINGHUOLUDECHUXIANYEZUYISHILEIHUODIANJINGKAOLV,DANGSHISHIJIAHERENYIYOUZHUZAODEJISHU。

[xxxii]HUBEISHENGWENWUKAOGUYANJIUSUO、ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANKAOGUYANJIUSUO,《HUBEISHIJIAHELUOJIABOLINGXINSHIQISHIDAIYIZHI》,《KAOGUXUEBAO》1994NIANDI2QI,DI228YE。

雷火电竞3、NANJIAOQUXIAOJIAWUJI:YEZHUSHESHITANTAHOUDEYIJI

雷火电竞【SHENGMING】BENWENZUOZHEWEIGUOJINGYUN、QIUSHIYING、FANZIHAO、GUOLIXIN,WEI《ZHONGGUOYELIANJISHUBENTUQIYUAN:CONGZHANGJIANGZHONGYOUYELIANYICUNZHIJIEZHENGJUTANQI(ER)》(YUANZAIYU《NANFANGWENWU》2019NIAN3QI)。HUANYINGZHUANZAI,RUOYOUYINYONGHUOZHUANZAI,WUQINGSHUOMINGZUOZHEYULAIYUAN。

展开全文

H42SHUSHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGZAOQI,KENGNEICENGCHUTUTONGKUAI,WEIYUXIAOJIAWUJIFAJUEQUNANBUTANFANGAT204、AT30。XINGZHUANGCHENGYUANJIAOZHANGFANGXING,BIXIEZHI,KENGDIPING,DOUHENGUIZHENG,MINGXIANSHIRENGONGYOUYISHIGONGWAZHUERCHENG,KENGKOU9.15x2.15m,KENGDI7.9x1m,SHENDU1.1m,DIBUYOUYIDIANXIEPO,QIYONGTUNANYIQUEDING。ZHEIZHONGZHANGXINGDE“HUIKENG”YIYOUFAXIANZAIWANYUSHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGZAOQIYIQIANDUONIANDEWUCHENGYIZHI,BINGYIQUEDINGQIWEIYEZHUZUOFANG(TUSHI)[xvii],DANJUTISHIYONGFANGSHIJICAOZUOLIANWENTI,HAIXUYAOJINYIBUZUOSHIYANJIYANJIU,YILEJIEYEZHUJISHUDEFAZHAN。

[xxxiv]GUOJINGYUN、GUOLIXIN,《CONGSHIJIAHEYUZHILIQIKANYINSHANGYUQIYUANYUAN》,《HENANDAXUEXUEBAO》,2018NIANDI1QI,DI2-8YE。

ZHUSHI

雷火电竞GENJUBAOGAOSHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGZAOZHONGQIDICENGFAXIAN5JIANSUOWEI“KONGQUESHI”,JUNSHIJIAOXIAODEKELI,RUH421:63(AT304-2044a):4.8*4.4*2.3cm; H43:52 (AT2052):3.8*3.7*2.1cm; AT12:15:3.5cm。QIYUWEIJILUCHICUN。BUGUOCIWAI, H371HUIJINZHONGJIASITIEXIUBANDIAN,SHIJISHANGYINGGAISHIYANGHUALEDEDIANDITONGDIHUOXIXIAOTONGZHA。SHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGWANQIZHIHOUSHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGZAODUANDEHUIGOUHG13NEI,YECHUTULEJIJIANSUOWEIDE“KONGQUESHI”,YIJIZAISHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGWANQIW49WENGGUANNEIYISUIZANGYIKUAI“KONGQUESHI”(QIYUWENGGUANHUOWUSUIZANGPIN,HUOJIESUIZANGYUQI)DENGDENG。ZHEIXIECAILIAODOUMEIZUOGUOCHENGFENJIANDING,SHENZHIBUFABIAOZHAOPIAN,YINCIGENGNANPANDUANCHUTUTONGKUAIDEXINGZHI。[xvi]

H42PINGPOUMIANTUJIFAJUEZHAOPIAN。H42XIACENGCHUTUDEYIWU:H422:20SHIZAO6.6×1.4×1.5 cm; H422:21JIASHAHONGTAODOU,KOUJING20 cmZUJING15.2 cmGAO15.2cm; H422:5XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING8 cmDIJING3.6 cmGAO9.1 cm; H422:6GANGUO,KOUJING12 cmDIJING5.2 cmGAO9.4 cm; H422:12XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING6.1 cmDIJING3.4 cmGAO8.2cm。H42SHANGCENGCHUTUDEYIWU:H421:16XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING6.3 cmDIJING2.6 cmGAO8 cm;H421:30XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING9.8 cmDIJING4.2 cmGAO10.6 cm; H421:10XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING5.6 cmDIJING2.4 cmGAO8.2 cm; H421:91GANGUO,KOUJING18.2 cmDIJING10.2 cmGAO12.6cm; H421:110JIASHAHEITAOGAOQUANZUBEI,KOUJING11.5 cmZUJING10.5 cmGAO20 cm; H421:128NIZHIHONGTAOSHOUZHISANZUBEI,KOUJING8 cmGAO10 cm; H421:34 NIZHIHUITAODOU,KOUJING24 cmCANGAO12 cm; H421:54NIZHIHONGTAOSHOUZHIDIE,KOUJING9.6 cmDIJING4.4 cmGAO2.5cm; H421:159JIASHAHUITAOGAOGUAN,KOUJING14 cmDIJING6.4cmGAO35.8 cm; H421:42DAKOUGUAN,KOUJING24 cmDIJING10.8 cmGAO18.5 cm; H421:68SHIZUXINGQI,CANGAO8.3 cm; H421:164TAOJI,CANZHANG5.2 cmCANGAO6.8 cm; H421:123TAOYANG,CANZHANG6 cmCANGAO4.8。H43PINGPOUMIANTUJIFAJUEZHAOPIAN。H43CHUTUDEYIWU:H43:6XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING9.4 cmDIJING3.8cmGAO8.5 cm; H43:54XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING8.8 cmDIJING3.4 cmGAO8.5 cm; H43:21LEIBO,KOUJING21 cmGAO20 cm; H43:14TAOJIHU,ZHANG8 cmGAO11.4 cm.

[xx]BEIJINGDAXUEKAOGUXITANSHISISHIYANSHI,《TANSHISINIANDAICEDINGBAOGAO(SHI)》,《WENWU》,1996NIANDI4QI,DI92YE。

[xix]JIANGXISHENGWENWUKAOGUYANJIUSUO、ZHANGSHUSHIBOWUGUANBIANZHE,《WUCHENG1973—2002NIANKAOGUFAJUEBAOGAO》,DI84-85、422、500YE。

[xxiv]QIUSHIYING,《QIANLUNPANLONGCHENGHUIJINGOUYIJI》,DI32-39YE。

FENXIH434HUIKENGDEKUNNANZHICHU,ZAIYUQIXIAMIANDELIANLUBEIFEIQIZHIHOU,SHANGMIANHAISHIKEYIKANDAOHENDUOYUYELIANYOUGUANDELAJIDUIJI。DI2CENGDUIJIBAOHANHUIJIN、XIAOXINGHEDAXINGGANGUO、LIANGANGSUIPIANDENG,BAOGAOFUYUANH4342:140LIANGANG,SHIDIANXINGQUJIALINGLEIHUODIANJINGWANQISHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGZAOQIXINGZHUANG。ZHIYUDI1CENGDUIJI,SIHUSHUYURENGONGTIANTUYANMAIDEJIEGUO。HUANYANZHI,LEIHUODIANJINGTUILUN,HUIKENGH434DEXIABUMAIZANGQUJIALING、SHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGJIAOJIESHIQIDELUZIYUKENGSHIYEZHUGONGZUOFANG,ERSHANGBUCHENGWEIYELIANLAJIDUIJIKENG。

雷火电竞(3)SHIJIAHEZAOQIYEZHUGONGZUOFANGDENIANDAIWENTI

雷火电竞[xvi]HUBEISHENGJINGZHOUBOWUGUAN、HUBEISHENGWENWUKAOGUYANJIUSUO、BEIJINGDAXUEKAOGUXUEXIBIANZHE,《XIAOJIAWUJI:TIANMENSHIJIAHEKAOGUFAJUEBAOGAOZHIYI》,BEIJING:WENWUCHUBANSHE,1999NIAN,DI112─113、120─121、144、296YE。

CONGZHEIXIECENIANSHUJULEIHUODIANJINGKEYIDAZHIPANDUAN,SHIJIAHECHENGYELIANHUODONGZHUJIANPUBIAN、JISHUCHENGSHUDESHIDAI,SHIGONGYUANQIANDISIQIANJIMOZHIDISANQIANJICHU。YINCISHIJIAHEZAOQIDICENGZHONGDALIANGCHUTUGEZHONGXINGZHUANGDEXIAOTONGPIAN。

QIANWENCHUBUFENXIDENGJIAWANCHENGQUSHIJIAHESHIQICHUTUTONGLIAODEQINGKUANG,FAXIANJIBENDOUYOUSHAOTANDEHENJI,YINGSHIYELIANYIJI。QIZHONGYOUYELIANLAJIDEDUIJIKENG、YELIANCHANGSUO,HEKENENGWEILIANLU、RONGTONGLUDEHUIKENG。HOUZHEJUNKEFENWEIYUANXINGSHUXUELUYIJIZHANGXINGHENGXUELU。XIAOJIAWUJIFAXIANTONGKUAIZHICHU,YUDENGJIAWANCHABUDUOLEISI,SHUYUYELIANXIANGGUANYIJI。

雷火电竞HG13,YUH371WEIZHIXIANGTONG,DOUZAIAT1805、AT1806、AT1807TANFANG,DANCENGWEIBUTONG,HG13DECENGWEISHUYUSHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGWANQIHUOHOUSHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGZAOQI,NIANDAIZAOYUH371。YOUYUHG13DEZHANGDUDAODA14.1m,BAOGAOCHENGZHIWEIHUIGOU(ashes trenches),KUANDUWEI1.15m,SHENDU0.3m。GOUNEIDUIJIHUIHEISETU,JIAMUTANXIEHEHONGSHAOTUKUAI,CHUTUSHAOLIANGDETAOPIANZHIWAI,LINGFAXIANJIJIANTONGZHA。SUOYIZHEISHIYOUZHIJIEZHENGJUDEYELIANYIJI。

雷火电竞GENJUZHEIZHONGHUIJINYUSHAOTUFENCENGCHONGTIANDEQINGXING,LEIHUODIANJINGRENWEI,CICHUBIAOXIANWEIZAOWANLIANGQIYELIANGONGZUOKENGYICUN。ZUIXIAMIAN4CENGDEHUIJIN、SHAOMOHEGANGUOSUIPIAN,SHILUZILISUOLIUXIADEYICUN,ZHIYULUZIDIBUXIAOKENGDEZUOYONG,HAIXUYAOJINYIBUSIKAO。QISHANG3CENGHUANGERJIAOYINGDESHAOTUDUIJISHILUBIHEDINGBUTANTADECANJI。KENGNEIDI4CENG、3CENGDABUFENDIEYAZAIDIERJITAIJIEZHIXIA,DI3CENGZHILVEWEICHULUYUERTAIJIEDEBIANYUAN,KENENGSHILUZIDEGUFENGKOUHUOZHEYANDAOKOU。GAILUZISHIYONGSHI,ZAIERTAIJIEZHISHANG,KENENGWEIGONGZUOTAIMIAN(TUJIU)。LEISIDEYEZHUYIJI,JIANYUWUCHENGYIZHIZ1、Z2,YOUYUCHUTULIANZHA、LIANGANGSUIPIAN、CANSHIFANDENGYEZHUXIANGGUANGONGJU,FAJUEZHERENWEISHIKENGSHIDEYEZHUGONGZUOFANG(TUSHI)。WUCHENGZ1、Z2NIANDAISUIRANWEIGONGYUANQIAN15─14SHIJI[xix],BISHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGWANYIQIANDUONIAN,DANSHIQUJIALING、SHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGYUANCHUANGDEJISHU:LIANGANGHEYEZHULIUCHENG,XIANRANZAISHANGSHIDAIJIXUCHUANCHENG、SHIYONGJIFAZHAN。

H42KENGNEIDUIJIFENWEILIANGCENG,TONGKUAICHUZIXIACENG。XIACENG2WEIHUANGTUWEIZHU,JIAZAHUIJIN,TUZHIJIANYING,HOUDU0.6m,FAXIANDETAOPIANDUOWEICUHOUJIASHATAO。CONGZHONGFUYUANCHUJIJIANSHOUZHIDECUHOUXIAOXINGGANGUO,YIJIANJIACUSHAHONGTAODOU、LIANGANGSUIPIANYIJIXIAOXINGMOZHISHIZAO。SHANGCENG1DUIJIYOU0.4mHOU,TUZHONGQUANSHIHUIJIN,CHENGHUIHEISE,TAOPIANZHONGDUO,BAOKUOJIACUSHALIANGANGSUIPIAN,XIAOXINGGANGUO20YUJIAN、TONGYANGCAIZHIDEXIAODIE,YIJIJINGZHIHEITAO、SHAOLIANGTAOSUDONGWU、SHIZULIQI。YIBIZHELIJIE,SHANGXIACENGSHISHIDAIBUTONGDEYELIANCHANGSUO,ZHONGJIANKENENGZHONGXINXIUJIANGUO。SHANGCENGDEYELIANGONGJUBIXIACENGDEGENGWEIXIANJIN。ZUIHOU,ZAIYELIANCHANGSUOFEIQISHI,JINXINGJISIERMAIZANGGEZHONGLIQI,BAOKUOTAOSUDONGWUHESHIZULIQI。(TUBA)

(SI)TIANMENSHIJIAHECHENGZHI:QINGTONGJISHUYULEIHUODIANJINGLEIHUODIANJING

雷火电竞H371、H434、H184、HG13DEFAJUEQU。H434PINGPOUMIANTU。H434DI3CENGCHUTUDEYIWU:H4343:63XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING9.4 cmDIJING4 cmGAO8.5 cm;H4343:23XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING10 cmDIJING3.8 cmGAO8.3 cm; H4343:6XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING7.8 cmDIJING3.7 cmGAO8.9 cm。H434DI2CENGCHUTUDEYIWU:H4342:12XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING18.5 cmDIJING9.8 cmGAO12.5cm; H4342:13XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING6 cmDIJING3 cmGAO8 cm; H4342:53XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING7.4 cmDIJING3.2 cmGAO7.7 cm; H3432:140JIACUSHALIANGANG,DIJING16.5 cmCANGAO34cm; H3432:80HEITAOGANGLIQI,KOUJING39 cmGAO40 cm。H184CHUDEYIWU:H184:34XIAOGANGUO,KOUJING6cmDIJING2.8cmGAO9.2cm; H184:2 MOBANSHI,CANZHANG26.8 cm.

[xvii]JIANGXISHENGWENWUKAOGUYANJIUSUO、ZHANGSHUSHIBOWUGUANBIANZHE,《WUCHENG1973—2002NIANKAOGUFAJUEBAOGAO》,BEIJING:KEXUECHUBANSHE,2005NIAN,DI84-85YE。

雷火电竞[xxv]JIANGXISHENGWENWUKAOGUYANJIUSUO、ZHANGSHUSHIBOWUGUAN,《WUCHENG--1973~2002NIANFAJUEBAOGAO》,BEIJING:KEXUECHUBANSHE,2005NIAN,DI86YE。

[xxxi]WANGJING,《SHIJIAHEXINSHIQISHIDAIJULUOQUNDEFAXIAN、FAJUEYUYANJIU》,《JINIANSHIJIAHEYIZHIKAOGU60NIANXUESHUYANTAOHUIHUIYILUNWENJI》,2015NIAN,DI11、12YE。

XIAOJIAWUJIFAXIANERSHIJIGESHIJIAHESHIQIZHANGTIAOXINGDEHUIKENG。RUSHIJIAHEZAOQIH492BEIH434DAPO,SUOYINIANDAIYINGGAIZAOYUGONGYUANQIAN2900,DAZHIKENENGLUOZAIGONGYUANQIAN3100-2900NIANJIAN,ZHANGDUWEI2.35m,KUANDU0.83m,SHENDU0.38m,KENGNEIDUIJILIANGANGPIAN。DAYUETONGSHIQIDEH300,KOUBU1.53×0.4m,KEBIANSHIDESHENDUWEI0.15m,YINWEIDAPOGUANXI,WANZHENGSHENDUBUMING,KENGNEIZHIFAXIANYIJIANLIANGANGSUIPIAN。

雷火电竞ZAIH384DEPANGBIAN,SHIDAIBIQIGENGWANDECENGWEIXIAFAXIANH375,KOUZHANG2.4m,KUAN1.05m,KEBIANSHIDESHENDUWEI0.23m,KENGNEIDUIJIWEIHUIHEISETU,JIAMUTANXIEHEHONGSHAOTUKUAI,TAOPIANYEHENSHAO,TAOPIANZHUYAOSHILIANGANGHEGANGUO。WEIYUFAJUEQUZHONGYANGPIANDONG,SHIJIAHEWANQIDEH242,KOUDADIXIAO,KOUZHANG2.62m,KUAN0.45m,SIBIXIEHU,YUEXIANGNEISHOU10cm,KENGNEITUSEHUIHEI,ZHIFAXIANJIACUSHAHOUZHONGLIANGANGYIJIXIAOGANGUOSUIPIAN。ZAIH242PANGBIANLINGYOU1.66×1.33mHUIKENG,XINGZHUANGHENXIANGYUANXINGLU,LIMIANYEZHIYOULIANGANGDESUIPIAN。

(4)ZHANGTIAOXINGRONGTONGLU

雷火电竞XIAOJIAWUJIDIDIANWEIYUSHIJIAHECHENGWAIDONGNANJIAO,JUCHENGQIANGYUE400 m,YUANYOUMIANJI15WANPINGFANGMI,1980NIANDAICHUYINZHUANWACHANGQUTUSHOUDAOJIAOYANZHONGPOHUAI。FAJUEQUBAOHANJISIQU、TAOYAOJIQITAYONGTUDESHAOKENG、GUIZUSHENGHUOHEMUZANGQU。

GUANCHADENGJIAWANYOUFAXIANJIGEZHANGTIAOXINGDEHUIKENGYIJI,LIMIANYEDUIJIYUYELIANYOUGUANDEFEIWU。ZHEIZHONGZHANGTIAOXINGZHUANGDEHUIKENG,SHIJISHANGCONGDAXILEIHUODIANJINGSANQIDETANGJIAGANG、CHENGTOUSHANYIZHIJUNYOUCHUXIAN,QUJIALINGSHIQIDELONGZUIYEYOUFAXIAN。DAOSHIJIAHESHIQIFAZHANWEIDICHENGXIEPOZHUANGDEZHANGTIAOXINGDESHAOKENGJIEGOU。

雷火电竞H434(2)NEITANMODECENIANSHUJUWEI2887±163cal BCE (BK90142)[xx],XIANGDANGYUSHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGZAOQI。ZHEISHIHOUH434LUZIYIBEIFEIQI,SHUOMINGQISHIYONGSHIDAIZAIGONGYUANQIAN2900NIANZHIQIAN,SHIQUJIALING、SHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGJIAOJIESHIQI。ZAIH434ZHIBEIYOUKAIKOUYUTANFANGAT1919DI2CENGXIADESHIJIAHEZAOQIDETAOGANGYIJI,YINH434KAIKOUYUGAITANFANGDI4CENGZHIXIA,ERKENGNEIDELUZIZAIQUJIALINGSHIDAIDEDI5、6CENGZHIXIADAPOSHENGTU,ZHEIBIAOMING,H434LUZIDESHIYONGNIANDAIHAILVEZAOYUSHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGZAOQI。H434DI4CENGFAXIANDEXIAOXINGGANGUODOUSHIDUOCIYONGGUODECANPIAN,NANYIFUYUAN,YINGGAISHIYINWEIZHEIXIEQIWUSHIZHENZHENGYONGYUYELIANZHIGU。ZHEIZHONGYONGXIAOGANGUOJINXINGYELIANDEFANGSHI,SHIBISHIYONGDAXINGLIANGANGGENGJIAYUANSHIDEYIZHONGYELIANFANGFA。SHIJISHANG,DAOLESHIJIAHESHIQI,XIAOGANGUOJINGCHANGZHISHIBEIXIANGZHENGXINGSHIYONG[xxi]。YINCI,CHUTUYIWUDEZHUANGTAIYEKEYIBUZHENGBENWENLEIHUODIANJINGLUZISHIYONGNIANDAIDEPANDUAN。

[xxii]BEIJINGDAXUEKAOGUXITANSHISISHIYANSHI,《TANSHISINIANDAICEDINGBAOGAO(SHI)》,DI92YE。

[xxi]GUOJINGYUN、GUOLIXIN、FANZIHAOZHUBIAN,《KAOGUZHENTAN》,SHANGCE,DI391─393YE;GUOLIXIN、GUOJINGYUN、FANZIHAOZHUBIAN,《SHIKONGZHILV:WENMINGYAOLANZHUIZONG》,DI184─185YE。

雷火电竞ZHANGTIAOXINGDEHUIKENGZHANGDUANBUYI,SHENDUJUNZAI0.3~0.5mJIAN。ZHEIXIEKENGDABUFENBUYONGLAIJISI,DUIJIWUYIYELIANGONGJUWEIZHU。ZHEIZHONGHUIKENGYUMUFUSHANZHUANYEYELIANYIZHISUOJIANHUIGOUXINGZHUANGFEICHANGXIANGSI。YOUXIEZHANGTIAOXINGHUIKENGLICHULEYELIANGONGJUZHIWAI,YEHUIFAXIANQITATAOPIAN,DANZONGTILAISHUOTAOPIANBUDUO,QIEDUOSHUSHUYUYELIANGONGJU。

[xxviii]SHILONGGUOJIANGSHUIKUZHIHUIBUWENWUGONGZUODUI,《HUBEIJINGSHAN、TIANMENKAOGUFAJUEJIANBAO》,《KAOGUTONGXUN》1956NIANDI3QI,DI17-20YE。

雷火电竞[xxix]PENGXIAOJUN、GUOZHANGJIANG,〈ZHANGJIANGZHONGYOUDIQUSHIQIANTAOYAOJIQIYUTAOQISHENGCHANCHUTAN〉,《NANFANGWENWU》,2015NIANDI4QI,DI122-127、151YE;LIUHUI,《SHILUNSUIZHOUJINJILINGYIZHIXINSHIQISHIDAIYAOZHIQUN》,DI55YE。

ZAIH42ZHIDONG,XIANGJUBUYUANCHUYOUTANFANGAT205,FAXIANSHIDAILVEWANDEHUIKENGH43,YINGDUANDAIWEISHIJIAHEZHONGQI,KENGNEICHUTULETONGKUAI。H43PINGMIANCHENGYUANXING,XIEBI,XIANRANWEIRENGONGKEYIWAZHUERCHENG,KOUJING2.5 m,KENGSHEN0.58m,TUZHIRUANERHEI,JIAZAXUDUOCAOMUHUIJIN,KENGNEICHUTUTAOPIANZHONG,DUOSHUWEIJIASHAHOUBIHONGHEITAO。BAOGAOCHENGWEI“HONGHEITAO”ZHE,JISHIHONGTAO,YINZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGSHENRUHENDUOTANHUIERFAHEI。QIWULEIXINGYIXIAOXINGYUZHONGXINGGANGUOZUIDUO,YEYOUQITAQIWU,BAOKUOJISIPIN[xviii]。GAIKENGDEXINGSHISUIRANYUDENGJIAWANH116、H54YOUXIANGSI,DANXIWEICHAYIRANGLEIHUODIANJINGHUAIYIZHEIHUOXUBUSHIYUANXINGLU,ERSHIZHUANMENDEJISIKENG,YISHIXINGDEMAIZANGYELIANFEIWU,YEXUYUPANGBIANH42LIANZHUCHANGSUODEFEIQIWUYOUGUAN。H43LIYEYOUHENDUOYUYELIANWUGUANDEQIWUNENGWANZHENGFUYUAN,KENENGSHICENGJINGYONGYUJISIDEWANZHENGQIWU。ZAISHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGZHONG,YELIANYUJILIHUODONGMIQIEXIANGGUAN:YEZHUCHANGSUOSHANGZAISHIYONGSHI,JIUYOUSHEHUIQUANTIGUIMODEDAXINGJISIHUODONG;YEZHUCHANGSUOFEIQISHI,YEHUIJINGGUOYIZHONGDAXINGJISIERHOUQUANBUYANMAI。BAOGAOZHONGH43ZHAOPIANSHANGSUOXIANSHIDE,NAISHIZUIHOUJISIDEXIANCHANG。(TUBA)

XIAOJIAWUJIH371WEIYUFAJUEQUDEZHONGXIBU,SHUSHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGZAOQI,GUIMOTEBIEDA,KOUJING5.65m,SHENDU2.2m。SUOZAITANFANGAT1708、AT1808、AT1707、AT1807LIYIJIHENMIJI,DAPOGUANXIFUZA,YEXUCENGJINGSHIYELIANCHANGSUO,DANZUIHOUCHENGWEIHUNLUANDESHAOTUKUAIDUIJI(TUJIU)。FAJUEZHEJIANGNEIBUDUIJIFENCHENGSANCENG,XIACENGSHIHOUDU0.15~0.34mDEHUANGHESETU,YIWUHENSHAO;ZHONGCENGHOU0.65m,HUIHETUZHONGJIAHENDUOHUIJIN;SHANGCENGHOUDU1.38m,HUIHETUZHONGJIAHUIJINHEXIUJINSHUBANDIAN。TAOPIANZHONGLEIFUZA,JIZHONGZAIZHONGSHANGCENG,QIZHONGYEBAOHANHENDUOLIANGANGHEXIAOGANGUODESUIPIAN。

雷火电竞YUANBIAOTI:SHIJIAHECHENGNANJIAOXIAOJIAWUJI:YEZHUSHESHITANTAHOUDEYIJI(ZHONGGUOYEJINQIYUANXILIEZHIQI)

(WEIWANDAIXU)

[xxxiii]YANGQUANXI,《SHIJIAHEKAOGULIUSHINIANJINIAN》,《JINIANSHIJIAHEYIZHIKAOGU60NIANXUESHUYANTAOHUIHUIYILUNWENJI》,DI24YE。

雷火电竞ZAIH434YIXI,LINGYOUTONGYANGKAIKOUYUTANFANGDI4CENGDEH430,XINGZHUANGBUGUIZHENG,YONGTUBUMING。QITANYANGCENIANJIEGUOWEI3085±143cal BC(BK90141)[xxii]。YOUCIKEYIPANDUANXIAOJIAWUJIDEQUJIALINGYUSHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGDEJIAOJIENIANDAI,DAGAILUOYUGONGYUANQIAN3100BC,ERQIEH434MAIZANGDELUZIDENIANDAIYEDAZHISHANGSHUYUCISHIQI。NEISHIHOUSUIRANYIYOUFAMINGLIANGANG,DANSHIYONGQINGKUANGKENENGHAIBUPUBIANXING,YINCILUNEIZHIFAXIANGANGUOPIAN。H434LUZIFEIQIZHIHOU,DI2CENGDUIJIZHONGDELIANGANGHAISHIFUHEQUJIALINGWANQIDELEIXING。ZHEIYENENGJIANJIEZHICHUH434DENIANDAISHUYUQUJIALING、SHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGDEJIAOJIEQI。

[xxiii]BEIJINGDAXUEKAOGUXITANSHISISHIYANSHI,《TANSHISINIANDAICEDINGBAOGAO(JIU)》,《WENWU》,1994NIANDI4QI,DI89─95YE。

XIAOJIAWUJIFAXIANJIGEZHANGFANGXINGHENGXUESHIYELIANCHANG,YINWEIYIJICHICUNDOUBIJIAODA,LEIHUODIANJINGRENWEIKENENGBUSHILUZI,ERSHIKENGSHIDEYEZHUGONGZUOFANG,YONGLIANGANGJINXINGYELIANHERONGTONG,BUGUOYINWEINEIBUJIEGOUMEIYOUBAOCUNXIALAI,ZHINENGDAZHIPANDUAN。

[xviii]HUBEISHENGJINGZHOUBOWUGUAN、HUBEISHENGWENWUKAOGUYANJIUSUO、BEIJINGDAXUEKAOGUXUEXIBIANZHE,《XIAOJIAWUJI:TIANMENSHIJIAHEKAOGUFAJUEBAOGAOZHIYI》,DI112YE。

[xxvii]GUOJINGYUN,《TIANSHENYUTIANDIZHIDAO》,DI227-233YE。

雷火电竞(2)YEZHUCHANGSUOFEIXUYUYEZHUFEIQIWUMAIZANGJILI

[xxvi]LIUHUI,《SHILUNSUIZHOUJINJILINGYIZHIXINSHIQISHIDAIYAOZHIQUN》,《JIANGHANKAOGU》,2012NIANDI1QI,DI54-60YE。

ZIQUJIALINGLEIHUODIANJINGWANQIKAISHICHUXIANZHANGTIAOXING“HUIGOU”,RUZAIXIAOJIAWUJIH434BIANSHANGBIQISHIDAILVEZAODEHG31、TONGSHIQIDEHG27HELVEWANDEHG22DENG“HUIGOU”DEXINGZHIYIZHI(TUJIU)。BUGUO,QUJIALINGWANQI、SHIJIAHEZAOQI“HUIGOU”DEZHANGDUZHIDAODA3-5mZHANG,ERSHIJIAHEWANQISHIYIKEDASHUSHIMI。ZHEIYIJINGSHIGUIMOHUADEZHUANYESHENGCHAN。ZAIZHEIZHONGZHANGTIAOXINGLIANLUNEI,KEYIBAIYI、LIANGPAILIANGANG,SHAOTANJIYELIANGUOCHENGYIRANZAILIANGANGNEIFASHENG,DANZAIGANGPAIZHISHANG,YONGSHAOTUKUAIHENIANTUJIANGOUHUDING(FEIQIJITANTAHOUJIANYUKENGNEI、KENGBIANDEHONG、HUISEDESHAOTUKUAI),YIRANGTANQINONGSUO,ZENGJIAHAIYUANQIFEN;TONGSHIZAIXIAOPODUDEZHANGTIAOLULI,REQILIUDECHOULIZHUYUZAITINGZHIGUFENGHOUBAOCHIWENDINGGAOWENDU,YOUKONGZHITANQIKUAISULIUSHI。ZHEIZHONGGAOWENQUEYANGDEHUANJINGSHIYANGHUATONGLIAOQUANBUFANYINGCHENGTONG。

ZHANGJIANGZHONGYOUGONGYUANQIANDIERQIANJISHANGGUOPANLONGCHENGYIZHIDE“HUIJINGOUYIJI”,YIBEIQUEDINGWEIRONGTONGLUDEYIJI。ZHEIZHONGYIJIDEZHIBIAOBAOKUOTIANMANHEIHUIJINTU,LUNEIBAOHANHONGSHAOTU、LIANGANG,LIANGANGDIBUYOUZHEYONGLAIZHICHENGDESHIKUAI,ZAITAOGANGDEZHOUWEIHUONEIBU,YIJIHEIHUIJINTUZHONG,KENENGBAOHANTONGZHA,SHENZHISHITONGQICANPIAN。RANER“HUIJINGOUYIJI”DEGUIMOSHENDA,XINGRUZHANGGOU,ZUIZHANGZHEYOU30mZHANG,SUOYIBEICHENGWEI“ZHANGTIAOXINGRONGTONGLU”[xxiv]。XIAOJIAWUJIHG13XIANSHI,ZHEIZHONG“ZHANGTIAOXINGRONGTONGLU”,QISHIZAIBISHANGWENMINGZAOYIQIANNIANDESHIJIAHESHIQIJIUYIFEICHANGCHENGSHUFADA。

ZAIQUJIALING、SHIJIAHELEIHUODIANJINGDEYELIANJISHUFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGSHISHIYONGZHEIJIZHONGSHESHI,HUOXUSHIYINWEITAMENGEYOUTEDINGDEGONGNENG。CIWAI,CANKAOQUJIALINGSHIQISANZHONGTAOYAODEJIEGOU[xxvi],LEIHUODIANJINGKEYIFAXIAN,QUJIALING、SHIJIAHELIANLUJIEGOUYUTAOYAOXIANGDANGJIEJIN。ZHEISHUOMING,YELIANYUZHITAOJISHUHUXIANGCUJINERTONGSHIFAZHAN。ZAIZHEIZHONGFAZHANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,DAOLEHOUSHIJIAHESHIQI,BUJINCUSHIQINGTONGJISHUQUYUWENDINGCHENGSHU,YESHIZHITAOJISHUFAZHANDAONENGGOUZHIZAOCHUYINGTAOYUANSHICIQIDEJIEDUAN。[xxvii]

【BIANZHEAN】ZHONGGUOYEJINJISHUQIYUANYUHEFANGHESHI?DUIZHEIYIWENTIDETANSUO,SHISHEJIDAOZHONGGUOWENMINGQIYUANYUFAZHANDEZHONGDAMINGTI。GUOJINGYUNJIAOSHOUTUANDUIJINQIKANFA《ZHONGGUOYELIANJISHUBENTUQIYUAN:CONGZHANGJIANGZHONGYOUYELIANYICUNZHIJIEZHENGJUTANQI》(GUOJINGYUN、QIUSHIYING、FANZIHAO、GUOLIXINDENGZHU,QUANWENFENSHANGXIAPIAN,FENBIEKANFAYU《NANFANGWENWU》2018NIAN3QIHE2019NIAN3QI)。

TUBAXIAOJIAWUJIBAOGAOJILUCHUTULIANZHADEH42HEH43YIJIDEFAJUEQU。

ER、ZHANGJIANGZHONGYOUDISI~SANQIANJIYIZHIZHONGFAXIANTONGLIAODEYIYI

H184YISHUYUSHIJIAHEZAOQI,QIXINGZHUANGYEYUH42XIANGTONG:PINGMIANCHENGZHANGFANGXING,RENGONGWAZHUERCHENG,KOUJING2.2X4m,WEIYUFAJUEQUZHONGXIBU,FAXIANYUHUIKENGTEBIEMIJIDETANFANGAT1403、AT1402NEI,GEHUIKENGZHIJIANYOUHENDUODAPOGUANXI,TUICEMEIYIGEHUIKENGDESHIYONGSHIJIANYINGGAIZUIDUOJISHINIAN。H184KEYIBIANSHIDESHENDUWEI23cm,DANDIYOUHUANPO,BEIDUANSHENNANDUANQIAN。BEIDUANSHENCHUDUIJIJIAODUOTANMO,TAOPIANJIAOSUI,NENGFUYUANDEJISHAO,TAOPIANZHONGYOULIANGANGSUIPIANYIJIKEYIFUYUANDE5JIANXIAOGANGUO,BAOGAOGONGBUDEXIAOGANGUOMINGXIANYOUDUOCISHAOGUODEHENJI。CHULETAOQIZHIWAI,HAIFAXIANYIJIANCANQUEDEMOBANSHI(abrasiveplate),LIANGBIANYOUYONGYIMOYINGSHIDEAOMIAN(TUBA),CIWAIHAIFAXIANYIXIEDONGWUGUZHA。CONGZHEIZHONGHUIKENGJIEGOUHUOXUKEYITUICE,ZHEIKENENGSHIYIZHONGJUBEIWANZHENGLIUCHENGDEYEZHUCHANGSUO,BAOHANYUBEIKUANGLIAO、YELIAN、RONGTONGJIZHUZAO,BEIDUANKENENGYOUANPAIHENGXUESHIRONGTONGLU,JIEGOUWEIBAOCUN。

CHULEYUANJIAOZHANGFANGXINGDEYEZHUGONGZUOFANGYIJIZHIWAI,XIAOJIAWUJIYEFAXIANYUANXINGYIJI,RUWEIYUFAJUEQUZHONGXIBUDEHUIKENGH434,YECHUYUMIJIFAXIANHUIKENGDETANFANGAT1819、AT1818、AT1719、AT1718JIAOJIEZHICHU,WEIRENGONGKEYISHIGONGWAZHUERCHENG,KENGKOUMIANJIJIAODA,WEI4.4x3.28m,TUOYUANXING,XIAOYUANDI,DONG、BEI、XIBIJIAODOU,NANBIJIAOPINGHUAN,QIESIHUFENWEILIANGGETAIJIE;ZAIDIBUDONGBEIJIAOLINGYOUZHANGFANGXINGDE0.48X0.38mXIAOKENG,SHENDU0.5m。H434HUIKENGZUISHENZHICHUDAODA1.9m。KENGZHONGDUIJIFENWEISICENG。ZUIXIAMIANDEDI4CENGHOUDUWEI0.1~0.52m,TUZHITUSESHIJIAORUANDEHUIHESETU,DALIANGJIACAOMUHUIJIN,CHUTUSHAOLIANGTAOPIAN,YIXIAOXINGGANGUOWEIZHU。DI3CENGDEHOUDUWEI0.13~0.37m,TUZHITUSESHIJIAOYINGDEHUIHUANGTUJIADALIANGSHAOTULI,ZHONGBUYOUGEZHONGTAOPIANHEYIJIANSHIFU,BUGUOFAJUEZHEQIANGDIAO,ZAISHULIANGSHANGZHANJUEDUIYOUSHIDESHISUOWEI“XIEBIBEI”(JIXIAOXINGGANGUO)。DI2CENGDEHOUDUWEI0.35m,TUZHIYUDI4CENGYIZHI,WEIJIAORUANDEHUISETUBINGDALIANGJIACAOMUHUIJIN,DUIJIDETAOPIANZHONGXIAOXINGGANGUODESHULIANGYIRANZHANJUEDUIYOUSHI,LINGYOUJIACUSHALIANGANGPIAN,YIJISHIFUHESUIKUAIMOBANSHI。DI1CENGTUHUANGERJIAOYING,ZAIKENGDEZHONGJIANZUIHOUCHUKEDA0.4m,KEYIFUYUANDETAOQIHENSHAO,NENGBIANSHIDEQIWUZHONGRENGYIXIAOXINGGANGUOWEIZHU,LINGYOUSHAOLIANGSHIQI。(TUJIU)

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由上内容,由澳门新葡新京app收集并整理。